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Scott Colson Chris OConnell To Kill A Mockingbird March 5 2000 GOMILLION ET AL v LIGHTFOOT MAYOR OF TUSKEGEE ET AL The unprecedented Gomillion v Lightfoot came to the Supreme Court because the borders of Tuskegee Alabama were redrawn They went from a square shape to an irregular one to exclude black neighborhoods on the outer edges of the city violating the 15th Amendment denying them a vote because of race This practice is also known as racial gerrymandering On October 18 and 19 of 1960 this case was argued The decision was made on November 14 1960 The case was pulled up from the Fifth Circuit of Appellate Courts The Plaintiff the African American citizens of Tuskegee Alabama were accusing the Mayor of Tuskegee Alabama Lightfoot denying constitutional rights to the citizens The case was ruled on just after another very important racial case Barker v Carr This case furthered the ruling of Brown v Board of Education of Topeka Kansas The Supreme Court of the United States reversed the ruling from the Fifth Circuit of Appellate Courts The Appellate Court ruled that the State could look out for its best interest The court applied this past ruling from other cases to rule that the municipality could look out for its best interest The Supreme Court however felt that the means do not justify the ends Using a Constitutional procedure to achieve an Unconstitutional result is unconstitutional Whittaker wrote a concurring opinion agreeing that the border move was Unconstitutional but under the fourteenth Amendments equal protection clause because the state was redrawing borders to the black citizens detriment He felt that voting was not denied because of race In fact border changes occur all the time and the blacks still had a right to vote for any candidate or position that falls in their area He felt that the re-bordering was a segregation attempt illegal under the precedent of Brown v Board
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