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Word Count: 794
During the New England Renaissance period of 1840-1855 literature underwent two very distinct movements known as Transcendentalism and Anti-Transcendentalism Both movements were very influential and consisted of authors such as Ralph Waldo Emerson Transcendentalist and Nathaniel Hawthorne Anti-Transcendentalist Concentrating their ideas on human nature and intuition rather than on logic and reason both these movements served as a flourishing revolt against previously accepted ideas The Transcendental movement focused its ideas on the essential unity of creation the pure goodness of humanity and in individual intuition as the highest source of knowledge rather than sensory experience Optimism dominated peoples thoughts and was shown in the ideas of the Transcendentalists The Transcendentalists believed deeply in human potential and in the purity of Nature Truth they believed was also reflected in Nature and how it made you feel and Nature was a reflection of the beauty of human nature They focused on the possibilities of the human spirit and the capability of it reaching the Over Soul The Over Soul is the so-called state in which all beings Nature God and Humanity are spiritually united During this movement individualism self-reliance and rejection of traditional authority were also highly stressed A literary work which reflects the Transcendental ideas is Ralph Waldo Emersons Self-Reliance Emersons quotes display the reader a clear image of ideas which Transcendentalists believed in In Self-Reliancewritten by Ralph Waldo Emerson the Transcendental philosophy of life is highly stressed Self Reliance focuses its theme around the Transcendental idea of individualism That imitation is suicide a quote from Self-Reliance shows the reader that transcendentalists stressed the individual rather than conforming to society and being a follower Emerson also writes that The power which resides in him referring to all humans is
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