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Questions about how a society should be run have been debated throughout history From early philosopher Plato who wrote about a successful republic to todays most prominent republican George W Bush the ideals of government have certainly changed Added to the forum of debate are two Renaissance writers Sir Thomas More and Nicolo Machiavelli Machiavellis book The Prince a guide to how a prince should run his nation exhibits the fact that human nature is inherently selfish In contrast Sir Thomas Mores book Utopia a description of the ideal human society demonstrates that human nature cannot be selfish to create a Utopia and is neither good nor evil but develops according to the society that the person is raised in In comparing Utopia and The Prince many conflicting issues arise such as whether a leader like Cesare Borgia or Commodus should be praised as glorious leaders and what type of society were they built to govern Machiavellian or Utopian Another issue might be a laissez faire verses hands on government or how to deal with problems that arise between nations in either a Machiavellian or Utopian society Throughout the discussion of theses topics both authors outline their different views on human nature and use those philosophies to create their ideal government With Machiavellis views on the inherent selfishness of human nature a true Utopian cannot exist A Utopian government is gentle and fair in nature yet in Machiavellis more realistic society this relaxed form of government would not survive In other words Utopias laissez faire approach is too weak of a system to control a naturally corrupt society Both authors create a government that would function properly under whichever form of human nature they believe to be true Therefore in Machiavellis society there were many laws and regulations that were strictly enforced and harshly punished The Utopians view the need for law differently They very much condemn other nations whose laws swell
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