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Whos the real fool As a minority in the United States Black people start off from a disadvantaged position from birth Racism prejudice and systematic manipulation of economic social and educational structures in the United States lead to securing the disadvantaged position that black people maintain The role and impact of majority rule single member districts and Black representation will analyzed in its effects on Black Americans in a watered down Democracy In contrast solutions such as interest representation cumulative voting and super majority rules will be discussed and analyzed to interpret what impact they could have on the current system if any Majority rule is defined as the proposition that 51 of the people should be able to get whatever they want Guinier xvi Guinier points out several problems with majority rule which include a disproportionate distribution of power voter dilution and racial polarization within the legislature These all serve to point out the fact that majority rule is not a just form of rule Guinier hypothesizes that in order for a rule to be fair it must comport with the stability accountability and reciprocity assumptions In light of that Guinier says A system in which a permanent and homogeneous majority consistently exercises disproportionate power is neither stable accountable nor reciprocal Examples of such unjust majority rule would be how certain cities are drawn into districts in order to maximize legislative power Guinier points out a situation that includes 1000 voters within a ten-seat jurisdiction Within that jurisdiction the legislature passes laws by a simple majority of six votes If a small minority of like-minded people spread across the 10 seats ban together they can win a majority in the legislature without having a majority of voters in the popular vote Is it fair that the minority can rule out the wishes of the majority through trite manipulation of a system On the other hand is it fair to redistrict lines in order
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