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Anaconda Plan Winfield Scotts original plan on how to crush the rebellion General-in-chief Winfield Scott was a great leader of the union troops during the civil war He fought many battles and came up with various military strategies His most famous military strategy was the Anaconda Plan He was the man that updated President Lincoln personally on the national military situation These meetings were to help Scott work out the Union military aims Winfield Scott was born in Petersburg Virginia on June 13 1786 Scott joined the army in 1808 and served with distinction as a young brigadier general in the 1812 War Captured on the Niagara frontier he was exchanged in 1813 and fought with distinction at Chippewa July 5 1814 and Lundys Lane July 25 1814 After the war Scott rose to the rank of major general and went to Europe to study military tactics and in 1841 became commanding general of the United States Army At the start of the Mexican War Scott recommended to President James Polk that General Zachary Taylor should command United States forces in the field However after Taylor made slow progress Scott made a sea born invasion of Mexico that captured Vera Cruz and Mexico City which was captured on September 14 1846 Meanwhile General Stephen Kearney conquered New Mexico and with the support of John Fremont took control of California A member of the Whig Party nominated Scott to be candidate in the 1852 presidential election The party was badly divided with Southerners deeply suspicious of Scotts views on slavery In the election Franklin Pierce won 1601474 votes against Scotts 1386578 On the outbreak of the American Civil War President Abraham Lincoln called a special session of Congress and proclaimed a blockade of Gulf of Mexico ports This strategy was based on the Anaconda Plan
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