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It is said that one learns something new each day At a young age one learns the basics of mathematics speaking writing etc Nevertheless how does one learn what a tree is what it looks like the color smell shape One might learn that a tree is part of the Spermatophyte division or that I its leaves are green and contain chlorophyll and even that paper can be made from it but how does one know One can touch the bark see the leaves in the wind and even read about others experiences with trees therefore leaving knowledge that it is a tree However John Locke has much to add to this notion Although it may be evident that the perceptual knowledge of external objects can be gained by the senses John Locke argues that ones ideas are actually the objects of perception John Locke thinks that we get knowledge of physical bodies by ideas He classifies ideas into two basic types simple and complex Complex ideas are built from simple ideas All knowledge therefore traces back to simple ideas and simple ideas come exclusively through experience Furthermore Locke claims that we can break all of our experiences down into their fundamental parts If we see a cat for instance we can break that sensation down into blackness softness shininess a certain size a certain shape etc Fundamental bits those that are uncompounded without parts and cannot be broken down any further are simple ideas Moreover there are only two ways that a simple idea can find its way into a human mind through sensation or by reflection In sensation the mind turns outward to the world and receives ideas through the faculties of sight hearing touch smell and taste In reflection the mind turns toward its own operations receiving such as ideas as thinking willing believing doubting Why does this matter in gaining knowledge of physical bodies According to Locke the idea is actually
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