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ARGUMENTS ON DESEGREGATION The challenge of desegregating schools was brought upon in 1954 by five separate court cases ultimately joined together and called Brown v The Board of Education Though each case was different they all revolved around the main argument that segregation itself violated the equal protection under the laws guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment and had detrimental psychological effects on Negroes Segregation was almost always initiated by whites and initiated on the basis that blacks were inferior and undesirable A sense of inferiority affects the motivation of a child to learn When blacks allowed themselves to accept their status at the separate school the effect on their personalities was perpetually worse than any problem they might encounter in an integrated school This element became a prominent part of the legal case against segregation Stephan 9 The biggest argument against desegregation was the perception that blacks were not as intelligent as whites Since the Fourteenth Amendment did not guarantee the right to a quality education if a school chose not to accept them there was nothing that could be done legally Long after the separate but equal doctrine became law it was clear that blacks were indeed separate but they were not equal Segregation still had a firm hold in the areas of public education public transportation hotels and restaurants hospitals housing and departments of the United States Government Stephan 7 An example was the case of McLaurin v Oklahoma Board of Regents of Higher Education in 1950 George McLaurin was admitted on a segregated basis to the graduate school of the University of Oklahoma as a result of a federal district court order He was required to sit in an anteroom outside of his classes and was given separate tables at the library and cafeteria Stephan 11 The expenditure disparity between white and black children was enormous in some
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