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Compare the arguments for the distinctness of body and soul or psyche in Platos Phaedo with Descartes arguments for the distinctness of body and mind in the Meditations and elsewhere After reading Platos Phaedo we can see that there are many differences between the body and soul Plato outlines these in some of the arguments given by Socrates The first time the differences are brought to our attention is when Plato talks about how a true philosopher would welcome death instead of being afraid of it His reasoning for this is that a true philosopher who applies himself in the right way will not be concerned with worldly material matters and would rather use his soul to understand and reflect He tries to disconnect himself from his body in order to be free from bodily distractions There can be no certainty with bodily sensations they cannot be trusted to be reliable The truest perception of the real nature of any given thing can only be discerned by the soul and its own investigations rather than by any bodily perception Therefore in this way the body is distinct from the soul It is only with the explorations of the soul itself that man can discover the true nature of a given thing If he were to use bodily perceptions he would surely be led astray This I believe to be a correct observation as the body only serves to confuse the souls interpretation of an event or object The signals received from the bodys sensory organs such as the eyes or the ears can be misunderstood by the soul bringing about a false understanding of the event or object When these sensations and perceptions are not relied upon and rather ignored the soul is able to reflect upon the circumstance of the event or the nature of the object objectively without any chance of being influenced by the biases that the body brings It
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