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Our brains are constantly at work processing and retrieving information However we become frustrated when we cannot readily retrieve information that we have stored in our brains The inability to remember can occur for a number of reasons that range from simple forgetting to phenomena like Infantile Amnesia Infantile Amnesia is described as an adults inability to remember events before the age of two or three This phenomena has proven difficult to test because your memory is in a constant state of reconstruction Rupp 1998 p 171 That is your memories are influenced by past events and current perceptions about yourself Therefore you may remember events only in a way that it is congruent with your current perceptions of yourself and current relationships Rupp illustrated this Grown children who clash with their parents may find memories of childhood plastered over with new impressions the past becomes gloomier and more dismal recollections of past injustices loom large Rupp 1998 p172 Hindsight bias is also a factor in both adult and childhood memories Hindsight bias occurs when our memory of how certain we were about the accuracy of an event is altered If an event is recounted that is similar to the memory that we have we tend to become more confident remembering events in a much more positive light If our memory is found to be false we quickly remember ourselves as being cautiously doubtful about the event in the first place Therefore it is clear that our memories are quite susceptible to error Sigmund Freud father of the psychoanalytic school of thought had a different interpretation Freud contended that it was necessary to repress early childhood memories This necessity stemmed out of the need to repress anxiety-producing sexual and aggressive memories related to a childs parent or parents Freud thought that repression of these memories was essential to developing a healthy sex life as an adult Though Freuds theories are widely
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