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Word Count: 791
Lingua Anglosaxonica The Birth of English In the fifth and sixth centuries three Germanic peoples-the jutes the Angles and the Saxons- invaded England They spoke dialects so nearly similar that they could understand each other Those peoples of Britain formed an ethnic whole and were named Saxons However they were sometimes called Angles At the end of the sixth century Pope Gregory 1 uses only the name Angli The Roman missionaries used Gregorys term Angli It was probably from the official language of the church that the Jutes and Saxons learned to regard themselves part of the Angle Kindred Anglolcynn in Latin Anglorum The political dominant power of the Angle kingdoms helped to ensure the adoption of the general name Angles In the early years of the eighth century Bede uses Angli or gens Anglorum for the whole people in Britain He calls their language sermo Anglicus Lingua Saxonica means the language of the East or West Saxons A century and a half later the west Saxon King Alfred uses English as the name of his language- the language of the Angles Also the history of southern English witnesses the spread of Anglian forms of words and the disappearance of the Saxon The processes of transforming the English of Alfred into the English of Chaucer began in the Anglian regions of the north and then spread in the south In brief the language during five centuries in Britain became more and more English and less and less Saxon English and Saxon An Historical Clarification The history of the nomenclature of the various stages in English is discussed at this point In the sixteenth century attention was paid to the remains of vernacular literature written before the Norman Conquest The language of such literature was considered a foreign language and was thus called Saxon not English It was popular that the English people and the English
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