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Abstract Periodization training is a designed program involving the breakdown of training into different cycles throughout an athletes preseason season and offseason This technique was first designed for strength training but has now been evolved to include the many components of any athletes training needs A basketball athlete has numerous obstacles in training to overcome to be a successful player so the use of a periodization program would be a beneficial way to train In training nothing happens by accident but rather by design Bompa 1995 p95 Periodization training is a process of structuring training into phases therefore there is a design to it It is designed to optimize strength and performance while minimizing the potential for overtraining or injury Basketball is a sport that involves strength and power along with technique For optimal results basketball training should incorporate periodization training ideas Basics of Periodization Periodization takes into account that athletes have different needs relative to training and conditioning during different seasons and modifies the program according to individual needs Arnheim 2000 p76 A primary objective of training is for the athlete to reach peak performance at a specific time usually the main competition of the year To achieve this high level of performance the entire training program must be properly periodized and planned so that development of skills and motor ability proceeds logically and methodically throughout the year Bompa 1999 p83 Periodization takes this into account with its two basic components The first component periodization of the annual plan pertains to how the year is divided into various training phases The second component is how to structure strength training to maximize its effectiveness in meeting the needs of the specific sport The latter of the two will be incorporated into the first by breaking down the annual plan into shorter more manageable components Periodization organizes a training and conditioning program into cycles The macrocycle is referred to as one competition season
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