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Word Count: 816
John and Julie your two best friends have just read an article about the death penalty It explains the reasons why death by lethal injection is a legitimate punishment for certain crimes As Julie reads the article she strongly agrees with what the author has to say An eye for an eye a tooth for a tooth she imagines Without examining the ideas that are involved shes satisfied with everything the article says because Its only fair John on the other hand is deeply offended before hes even finished reading the article He leans heavily on the feeling that God has the only power to decide someones fate not man Its not right to interfere with another persons existence on Earth he thinks to himself as he keeps reading What Julie and John dont know is that theyve both used some habits that hinder thinking to come up with their opinions They both had strong initial feelings about the death penalty And they both finished with those same feelings because they were the most satisfying But Julie and John failed to try to learn about their opposing opinion Without even realizing it they both became victims of thobbing Henshaw Ward termed thobbing for considering and evaluating ideas The term combines the th from thinking the o from opinion and the b from believing qtd in Ruggiero 53 You can be aware of when you are thobbing by paying close attention to your initial opinions especially the ones that are very strong There are many habits that can hinder ones thinking causing their mind to fall victim to thobbing Julie and John both used conformity and resistance to change and rationalizing habits when coming up with an opinion about the death penalty article In The Art of Thinking Ruggiero states that harmful conformity is what we do instead of thinking in order to belong to a group or to avoid the risk of being different
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