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Word Count: 550
In their Communist Manifesto Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels applied the term communism to the final part of socialism in which all class differences would end and people would live in peace Marx and Engels were said to have found a scientific approach to socialism based on the laws of history They said that the course of history was resolved by the conflict of opposite forces based on the economic system and the ownership of property The class conflict would be between the bourgeoisie who were the capitalist employers and the proletariat who were the workers The battle would end according to Marx in the socialist revolution and the achievement of full communism Marx and Engels observed the social and economic changes that were occurring in Britain England was the major world power and had the largest industrialized economy during the 1800s The development of the factory and the establishment of the assembly line created a large demand for workers This demand was satisfied by moving peasants from the rural areas in England and Ireland to developing cities As these cities grew a large number of factory workers were gathered to operate the machinery in terrible conditions These workers were now the working class or proletariat They entered cities with hopes of bettering their lives Though revolution never took place in England during this time it allowed Marx to study industrialization urbanization and imperialism Marxism had its main origins in German philosophy English political economy and French utopian socialism Marx learned a way of thinking about the world called dialectics from G W F Hegel Adam Smiths and David Ricardos view that the values of stock express the amount of labor time that go into their production underlay Marxs own labor theory of value From the French utopians especially Charles Fourier and the Comte de Saint-Simon Marx saw a happier future that lay
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