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The hierarchy of needs and the hygiene theory are alike but are also different I shall go through each one of these theories and inform the reader of these differences and similarities Each one in its own right is correct but now that we near the millenium we should rethink or atleast re-read these theories and see if they are in fact still alive today Abraham Maslow is known for establishing the theory of a hierarchy of needs writing that human beings are motivated by unsatisfied needs and that certain lower needs need to be satisfied before higher needs can be satisfied Maslow studied exemplary people such as Albert Einstein Jane Addams Eleanor Roosevelt and Frederick Douglas rather than mentally ill or neurotic people This was a radical departure from two of the chief schools of psychology of his day Freud and BF Skinner Freud saw little difference between the motivations of humans and animals We are supposedly rational beings however we do not act that way Such pessimism Maslow believed was the result of Freuds study of mentally ill people The study of crippled stunted immature and unhealthy specimens can yield only a cripple psychology and a cripple philosophy Motivation and Personality Skinner on the other hand studied how pigeons and white rats learn His motivational models were based on simple rewards such as food and water sex and avoidance of pain Say sit to your dog and give the dog a treat when it sits and-after several repetitions--the dog will sit when you command it to do so Maslow thought that psychologists should instead study the playfulness affection etc of animals Maslows hierarchy of needs was an alternative to the depressing determinism of Freud and Skinner He felt that people are basically trustworthy self-protecting and self-governing Humans tend toward growth and love Although there is a continuous cycle of human wars murder deceit etc he believed that violence is not what human
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