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Rise and Fall of Fascism In 1912 Italy under the rule of Giolitti and its Socialist Partyintroduced universal manhood suffrage This was considered a victory ofDemocracy Ten years later in 1922 King Emmanuel III called BenitoMussolini the founder of the Italian Fascist Party to head thegovernment Mussolinis appointment as Prime Minister put an end thoseyears of democracy Both internal and external causes can account therise and fall of Democracy in Italy where political and socialinstability created an overall crisis In ten years of Democratic rule the Italian economic and politicalsituation had not improved On the contrary it had created a situationof political discontent and chaos The decline of Democracy and rise ofFascism in Italy was accelerated by international events such as the breakof World War I and the Bolshevik revolution The rise of Democracytended to benefit the economic and political interest of a dominant group While Fascism movement arose to crush the basis of socialist power thatthreatened to take the control of Italian politics between 1918 and 1920 The revolutionary threat emerged from the difficulties faced by the rulingItalian Socialist Party which internal conflict plagued organizationalproblems but more important by the precarious economic situation of theworking class Before the twentieth century Italy was overwhelming agricultural andmuch of the industry that exist-was based on agricultural production Atthe turn of the century agriculture accounted for 51 percent of the GrossDomestic Product and only 15 percent of the total work force was in theindustry Between 1896 and 1908 the country experience a positiveeconomic growth Agriculture made progress in the fertile and rich PoValley where new techniques and a reorganization of the agriculturallabor force increased grain production Nevertheless tensions between peasants and the elite over workingconditions were not extinct During the late twentieth century the eliteswere particularly concern over the increasing radicalism and militaryamong the land peasants especially in the central regions of the country Peasant demands of injustice and repression along
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