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Education has always been perceived as a means of achieving wisdom even in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance It is believed that the embryos of the European educational systems were developed from the medieval monasteries Plitz 1981 14 However the cathedral schools soon outstripped the monasteries as a centre of learning Piltz 1981 49 This progressive transfer of culture from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance marked the beginning of secularization This essay will discuss the differences in practice and principles of the medieval and Renaissance education in terms of its educational approach curriculum foundation purposes and its conduct It will also distinguish the different world-views of the two forms of education and conclude by asserting the inevitable differences of their distinctive ideas In the Middle Ages the Church had always taken a lead in the foundation of schools They had charged of all the systemic education which existed insofar Powicke 1935 86 They were also responsible and clear about the kind of guidance in which peasantry should receive Powicke 1935 82 The churches also had a special focus on preachingRaymond of Penafort Extracts which emphasized on the value of missions as a means of converting people to Christians Powicke 1935 84 Due to the divine importance of such missions the appointments of teachers were thus enjoined with meticulousness Powicke 1935 75 In agreement with the focus on preaching it was believed that by copying the precepts of the Lord the Gospel could be spread far and wideCassiodorus Extracts 1 As printing was invented only in the middle of fifteenth century Perry et al 2000 316 the copying of Christian and pagan manuscriptsPerry et al Extracts was vital in the transferring of texts before this period This shows the different form of texts used between the medieval and Renaissance education The approach towards education in the Middle Ages was more authoritarian than in the Renaissance According to the Rules of the Dominican
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