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Weaponry Ground Air and Water Warfare in WWI World War I was called the Great War because so many countries were involved and advanced weaponry was developed The British and the Germans were the ranking pioneers in weapons development All the countries that participated in the war used different types of attacking methods to destroy their enemies The weapons that determined the outcome of World War I were tanks airplanes submarines and very large guns called heavy artillery German artillery ranged from a twenty-millimeter assault rifle to a four hundred and twenty-millimeter long-range heavy howitzer The two most popular were the 105mm and the 420mm Big Bertha Big Bertha was a giant mobile siege gun produced at the Krupp armaments factory in Essen Germany Its official name was the Krupp 420mm heavy howitzer but became universally known as Big BerthaWorld Book Encyclopedia 798 This gun needed a crew of over one thousand men to fire it It was capable of firing ten nine hundred and thirty-kilogram shells fifteen and one half miles in the air over a distance of seventy-six miles every hour The one hundred and five millimeter heavy howitzer was a World War I relic and a mainstay of the German army It was quite effective in its role World Book Encyclopedia 799 To minimize the weight of the 105mm they made it recoilless and used it as a surface to airgun also The gun had an open back so that the gasses that would cause a normal gun to recoil would escape The last role of the 105mm was its ability to be shipped piece by piece into the mountains for surprise attacks Although the 420mm packed a bigger punch than the 105mm the 105mm was put to greater use throughout World War I Upon the arrival of the ICE internal combustion engine in 1885 patented by Gottlieb Daimler people started dreaming about cars tractors and other things
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