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Why the South Lost the Civil War In all history no nation of mere agriculturists ever made successful war against a nation of mechanics You are bound to fail -Union officer William Tecumseh Sherman to a Southern friend The American South before the Civil War though steeped in pride and raised in military tradition was to be no match for the superiority of the rapidly developing North in the coming Civil War The lack of manufacturing and commercial interest from the Southern desire to preserve their traditional agricultural society surrendered to the North their ability to function independently much less to wage war It was neither Northern troops nor generals that won the Civil War rather Northern guns and industry From the onset of war the Union had obvious advantages Quite simply the North had large amounts of just about everything that the South did not resources that the Confederacy had no means of obtaining The manpower ratios were obviously one-sided with only nine of the nations 31 million inhabitants residing in the seceding states Angle 7 The Union also had large amounts of land available for growing food crops that served the dual purpose of providing food for its hungry soldiers and money for its growing industries The South on the other hand used most of its arable land to grow cotton its main cash crop Raw materials were almost entirely concentrated in Northern mines and refining industries Railroads and telegraph lines the veritable lifelines of any army traced paths all across the Northern countryside but left the South isolated outdated and starving The final blow for a modern South too willing to sell what little raw materials they possessed to Northern Industry for any profit they could get Little did they know King Cotton could buy them time but not the war The Norths growing industry was an important supplement to
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