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Rene Descartes Meditations in the First Philosophy is a skeptics speculation on certain inalienable truths Descartes meditations are based on the epistemological theory of rationalism that is if someone truly knows something then they could not possibly be mistaken He provides solid arguments for what his six meditations stand for and how he obtained a clear and distinct perception of innate ideas In Meditations he comes to terms with three certainties the existence of the mind as the thing that thinks the body as an extension and God as the supreme being He attests that he came to these conclusions by doubting all that had been taught to him in his formal education and all he received through the senses Descartes first uncertainty was noted in Discourse of Method I found myself embarrassed with so many doubts and errors that it seemed to me that the effort to instruct myself had no effect other than the increasing discovery of my ignorance Baird p 11 He had difficultly embracing the diverse and sometimes hypocritical ideas he encountered in his studies He developed a skeptical frame of reference this uncertain point of view aided him in developing Meditations All that he saw tasted touched smelled and heard was caste into uncertainty He thought all of his confusion and indeterminate ideas were caused by the senses According to Descartes The senses deceive and it is prudent never to trust completely those who have deceived us even onceBaird Forrest E p 22 He used the example of perceiving the sun and the moon When both are looked upon from earth they appear to be about the same size and distance from our planet Mathematics however reveal an enormous difference in their size and distance This is why he desperately needed to abandon all he had learned and acquired through the senses Certainty surfaced beyond all that he doubted and to know these certainties led Descartes to the truthTo
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