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School of Athens Raffaello Santi Raphaels school of Athens is located in the Vatican Rome This fresco was painted along with three other frescos in the papal apartments When Raphael went to Rome in 1508 he was commissioned to work for Pope Julius II He was to paint the four branches of knowledge Religion the Disputa Philosophy the School of Athens Poetry Parnassus home of the Muses and Law the Cardinal Virtues under Justice His most outstanding work in the papal apartments was the School of Athens This seemed to summarize the ideals of the Renaissance This fresco portrays many great philosophers Two of the greatest philosophers are portrayed in the center Plato and Aristotle They are accented by an arch that stands around them and by a blue sky through the arch This part of the fresco attracts out attention pointing out these great philosophers In Platos hand he holds his book Timaeus Plato is pointing to the sky to signify the heavens as the source for philosophy Aristotle is holding ethics in one and hand and the other is extended out signifying gathering knowledge from the earth Around these two philosophers Raphael has the greatest thinkers of all time These thinkers include Socrates Euclid and Pythagoras These are not all of the great philosophers in the fresco but they are the most recognizable Socrates is talking to Alcibiades Xenophon and Alexander Euclid is inscribing in slate with a compass while giving a mathematical demonstration to his onlookers Pythagoras is also giving a mathematical demonstration to his onlookers Raphael added his himself in the fresco to make it seem that he belonged with the other great philosophers Raphael also added the features of Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci these features were put onto Heraclitus Michelangelo and Plato Leonardo da Vinci This work is an incredible piece that stands at 235 x 315 feet Each character has a well-defined light source
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