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The Great Gatsby F Scott Fitzgeralds classic story about the shallow aristocracy of the 1920s American society is the topic of much interpretation This paper is a simple proposition that the Roaring Twenties were years dominated by an SP part of Carl Jungs archetypal psychology that will later be explained in more depth society and the characters in The Great Gatsby reflect and were deeply affected by this fact Daisy will be analyzed herein as well as the effect that an SP society had on her actions and development The human psyche has been the basis of study for millennia Dating back to Hippocrates around 370 BC the earliest belief was that people are fundamentally predisposed at birththeir psyches are programmed The idea continued to manifest in mainstream sciences up until about the 19th century AD There arose in the early 20th century the notion that people are born without predisposition and are molded by their environment from the time of infancy John Watson and early American behaviorist proposed that he could shape a child into any form he wanted provided that he had control of the child from infancy Similarly to the notion of psychological malleability was the belief that people are driven by a single basic motive Sigmund Freud claimed that we are all driven from within by instinctual lust There were also the existentialist psychologists such as Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow who had people seeking self-actualization Finally in 1920 Swiss physician Carl Jung disagreed In Psychological Types he wrote that people have a multitude of instincts what he called archetypes that drive them from within and that one instinct is no more important than another what is important is ones natural inclination to one or the other 1 He proposed that there are four basic types of people each with four sub-divisions the SJ Guardians SP Artisan NT Rational and NF IdealistWhat is SP In Jungian terms it is basically
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