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World Civilizations II Voltaires Candide is a novel that contains conceptual ideas and at the same time is also exaggerated Voltaire offers sad themes disguised by jokes and sarcasm and the story itself presents a distinctive outlook on life The crucial contrast in the story deals with irrational ideas as taught to Candide about being optimistic versus reality as viewed by the rest of the world The main theme that is presented throughout the novel is optimism Out of every unfortunate situation in the story Candide the main character has been advised by his philosopher-teacher that everything in the world happens for the better because Private misfortunes contribute to the general good so that the more private misfortunes there are the more we find that all is well Voltaire p 31 Pangloss the philosopher tries to defend his theories by determining the positive from the negative situations and by showing that misfortunes bring some privileges As Candide grows up whenever something unfortunate happens Pangloss would turn the situation around bringing out the good in it Candide learns that optimism is The passion for maintaining that all is right when all goes wrong Voltaire p86 The moral of Candide is born out of its style it is the art of extracting happiness from the desolate hopping-about of the human insect Pangloss is a very hopeful character in the story because he refuses to accept bad He is also somewhat naive and believes that he could make the world a better place by spreading his theories on optimism When Candide had met up with Pangloss after a long period of time Pangloss said that he was almost hanged then dissected then beaten Candide asked
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