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Word Count: 743
Gladstones mission to pacify Ireland was essentaillyan attempt to achieve a just relationship between landlord and tenantand grant Ireland certain independenceHe attemtped to succeed in his conquest with the introduction of several Land Acts1870-1881 and the disestablishment of the Protestant Church1869The first Land AAct was passed in 1870 following the Fenian uprising of 1867This act legalised the Ulster Custom of fair rent free sale and fixity of tenure in areas where it operated Tenants leaving farms were to be compensated for improvements made and for disturbanceThis act was also accompanied by a Bright clause which lent one third of the purchase price of the land to those who wished to but itConcurrently the act only had symbolic significanceIt had little practical effectLandlords could easily escape payments to tenats as the Ulster Custom was difficult to define in law Landlords also had the ability to raise rents thus forcing tenants into arrearsmaking them ineligible to benefit from the actLoans were insufficient and many tenants lacked the capital to raise the depositLess than 1000 tenants availed of this act A second Land Act was introduced in 1881 A major policy which haunted Gladstone throughout his careerhe sought to improve upon the first act by meeting the demands of tenantsAgitation by The Land League and Home Rule MPs impressed on Gladstone the necessity of improving land conditions in IrelandThrough this act a Land Court ws established to fix judicial rents for fifteen years three quarters of the money required by tenant to purchase land was providedthe 3Fs became law and the principle of co ownership was establishedThis act proved satisfactory to tenanats living in moderate conditions however its exclusion of leaseholders and those in arrears combined with its weak land purchase elementantagonised the more extreme tenants The flaws evident in the 1881 Lnad Act were resolved through the unoffical Kilmainham TreatyBetween Gladstone and ParnellIt required that leaseholders and those in arrears be included in the 1881 Land Act
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