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Introduction In this essay I will begin by explaining what induction actually is Then I will highlight the difference between induction as a form of reasoning and deduction in an attempt to clarify the main Problem with induction Next I will go through a number of different philosophers attempts to deal with this problem as well as pointing out a number of extra problems with induction Finally concluding with my opinion on how to deal with these daunting problems of induction Induction is a form of reasoning on which most if not all of science is based Everyday life is also heavily dependent on it It works by drawing a universal theory from a finite number of empirical observations A simple example of induction could be demonstrated by asking a person whether the sun will rise tomorrow morning That person will more then likely answer Yes If you ask them how they know this to be true however they will probably say something like Because the sun rises every morning By every morning the subject means every morning that he has observed Although this example appears to be true and self evident it is not logically correct to go from a finite number of observations in the past to a definite prediction of the future This is the infamous Problem with induction It is important at this point to explain the difference between induction and deduction Deduction is an argument where if the premises are correct then the conclusion is necessarily correct Ie If P then Q P Therefore Q For example If a brick is thrown at the window then the window will break A brick has been thrown at the window Therefore the window is necessarily broken An inductive argument on the other hand could have completely correct premises and still arrive at an incorrect conclusion Inductive arguments have two features true premises provide support for
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