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Julien Rouleau In Totem and Taboo Freud Sigmund explain the origin of religion of different tribe found around the world Although related the two words have quite distinct meanings According to Comptons Encyclopedia totemism is a term of Ojibwa American Indian origin that refers to an animal or plant associated either with a group of blood-related persons such as a family or with part of a tribe The plant or animal is a totem As such totemism is a word used to define relationships A taboo implies something forbidden or to be avoided The term is of Polynesian origin It was first recorded by explorer James Cook in 1771 when he found it used by the natives of the Tonga Islands in the South Pacific Both terms have their modern counterparts People frequently discuss their astrological signs and comment that they are for example Leos lions Pisces fish or Aries rams Such animal associations with groups of individuals are comparable to totemism The most common taboo seen today is a No Smoking sign in public places In chapter 1 Freud explain the stage of development of the primitive man the inanimate monuments and implements which he has left behind for us through our knowledge of his art his religion and his attitude toward life which we have received either directly or through the medium of legends myth and fairy talesTo show that this supposition is correct Freud chooses to compare the psychology of primitive races with the psychology of the neurotic For different reasons he choose to take the aborigines of the youngest continent Australia According to
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