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SpainSpain a country occupying the greater part of the Iberian Peninsula and bounded on the northby the Bay of Biscay France and Andorra and on the east by the Mediterranean Sea The BalearicIslands in the Mediterranean and the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa aregoverned as provinces of Spain Also Spain administers two small exclaves in MoroccoCeuta andMelilla The area of Spain including the African and insular territories is 194885 sq mi Madrid is thecapital and largest city Population The Spanish people are essentially a mixture of the indigenous peoples of the Iberian Peninsula with thesuccessive peoples who conquered the peninsula and occupied it for extended periods These addedethnologic elements include the Romans a Mediterranean people and the Suevi Vandals and VisigothsTeutonic peoples Semitic elements are also present Population Characteristics The population of Spain at the 1991 census was 38872268 The estimate for 1995 is 39276000 givingthe country an overall density of about 202 per sq mi Spain is increasingly urban with more than 80percent of the population in towns and citiesPrincipal Cities The capital and largest city is Madrid population greater city 1991 3010492 also the capital ofMadrid autonomous region the second largest city chief port and commercial center is Barcelona capitalof Barcelona province and Catalonia region Other important cities include Valencia capital of Valenciaprovince and Valencia region a manufacturing and railroad center Seville a cultural center Saragossa and Bilbao 369839 a busy portReligion Roman Catholicism is professed by about 97 percent of the population The country is divided into 11metropolitan and 52 suffragan sees In addition the archdioceses of Barcelona and Madrid are directlyresponsible to the Holy See Formerly Roman Catholicism was the established church but the 1978constitution decreed that Spain shall have no state religion while recognizing the role of the RomanCatholic church in Spanish society There are small communities of Protestants Jews and MuslimsHigher Education Spanish institutions of higher education enrolled nearly 13 million students in
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