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Expressionism is a much less important current in sculpture than in painting since the ethnographic sculpture by the Fauves might have evoked a strong response among sculptors Only one important sculptor shared in this rediscovery Brancusi a Rumanian moved to Paris to study advanced art around 1904 But he was more interested in the formal simplicity and coherence of primitive carvings than in their savage expressiveness this is evidenced in The Kiss which was executed in 1909 Brancusi had a genius of ommission - to Brancusi a monument is an upright slab symmetrical and immobile - a permanent marker like the styles of the ancients and he disturbed the basic shape as little as possible The Embracing Lovers are more primeval than primitive They are a timeless symbol of generations - innocent and anonoymous Brancusis primevalism was the starting point of a sculptural tradition that still continues today Until now African pottery wooden carvings and textiles had been viewed essentially as handicraft because it was argued the religious military sexual or decorative functions of the works suggested that they had not been created as art to be appreciated for their own sake It was the magical and mystical quality of the Primitive African art that inspired Brancusi and the quality that counted most Because the appreciation of art in African sub-cultures is closely related to its use in everyday life there is a distinct contrast with the Western concern with conservationpreservation and appreciation of art within a home museum or gallery setting This is one of the primary reasons that many objects of African art have been placed within the categories of artifacts handicrafts folk art or primitive art In addition it is essential to understand African art as it is appreciated conceived executed and used within the African culture from which it originated In this respect the artist has been recognized--even though he or she may remain anonymous --and the
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