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Alcoholism is a deadly disease in which an individual is addicted to alcohol and its relaxing effects There is a theory that holds that addiction fits many criteria used to define other diseases and should therefore be treated as a disease The individual depends on alcohol to get through the day or night solve their problems ease their depression or no reason at all According to the Encyclopedia of Health-Substance Abuse an addiction is an uncontrollable compulsion to use a drug or other substance Alcoholism can be attained in two different ways Alcoholism can be a genetic predisposition in which alcoholism runs in the family or is hereditary The other factor is that of the environment in which one may live One or both of these factors can be taken into account when alcoholism is present The biopsychosocial model is a theory that states that addiction is caused by the interaction of biological psychological and social factors with an individual Drinking behavior runs on a continuum starting with social drinking to careless drinking to problem drinking and finally alcoholism Any stage before alcohol dependency is reversible Cornett 10 The difference between problem drinking and alcoholism is that problem drinking is psychological dependence on alcohol which usually is followed by complications with health and social life A problem drinker will not obsess about alcohol he or she has not yet developed an increased tolerance and do not suffer from physical withdrawal symptoms if he or she goes with out alcohol In alcoholism the individual has a psychological and physiological dependence on alcohol He or she spends alot of time drinking obsessing about alcohol An alcoholic has developed a high tolerance to it requiring more and more to get high Once an alcoholic starts drinking he or she is unable to stop Once an alcoholic the individual is no longer in charge of how much alcohol he or she drinks once drinking has begun Cornett 10-12According
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