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COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY FOR DEPRESSION Introduction Cognitive behavioral therapy helps improve peoples moods and behavior by changing their way thinking also how they interpret events and talk to themselves This form of psychotherapy helps guide people into thinking more realistically and teaches them coping strategies to deal with their depression Cognitive therapy is in most cases a short-term treatment that can have long-term results I will discuss depression in adolescence and how it effects personal adjustments which may often continue into adulthood I will also discuss depression in the elderly There are different approaches to treating depression the main approach that will be discussed is cognitive behavioral therapy which is a way to break the cycle for depression What is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Cognitive behavior therapy helps people break the connections between difficult situations and their habitual reactions to them This can be reactions such as fear rage or depression and self-defeating or self-damaging behavior It also teaches people how to calm their mind and body so they can feel better think more clearly and make better decisions Cognitive therapy also teaches people how certain thinking patterns are causing their symptoms This is accomplished by giving people a distorted picture of whats going on in their life and making them feel anxious depressed or angry for no good reasonFrancis 2000 When people are in behavior therapy and cognitive therapy it provides them with various tools for stopping their symptoms and getting their life on a more satisfying track In cognitive therapy the therapist takes an active part in solving a patients problems He or she doesnt settle for just nodding wisely while the patient carries the whole burden of finding the answers they came to therapy for initially Cognitive therapists teach patients to identify their negative thoughts recognize their erroneous nature and devise a corrective plan that leads to more positive assessments and an ability to deal more realistically with every day problemsBurns 1996-2000
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