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INTRODUCTION TO COMMUNITY-BASED POLICING In Philadelphia a pulsating tavern juke box that has caused irate neighbors to l500 police calls in six months was moved away from a common wall with the adjoining building Author unknown US News The calls stopped Though it seems simple such a move is at the heart of what we know as community-based policing The movement toward community-based policing has gained momentum in recent years As police and community leaders search for more effective ways to enhance the sense of public safety and the quality of life in their communities We have accepted community-based policing in one police department after another and we are ready now to agree community-based policing provides hope for the future of law enforcement We can trace the seed of community-based policing back to Sir Robert Peel the father of the modern police system who said the police is the public and the public are the policeBraiden For different reasons the police lost sight of that prin ciple defining their relationship with the public Modern historians have said that the reform era in government which started in the 1900s to combat corruption along with the move toward the professional image of police work resulted in the separation of police and community Kelling Moore pg-5 Reform style policing emerged in the 50s and 60s with rotating shifts and frequent movement of officers to prevent corruption Random patrolling a reactive police technique was also detrimental to the link between police and public The police adopted a policy of centralized control to ensure compliance with set standards and to encourage a professional aura of impartiality All these policies along with the use of automobiles telephones and other technological advances helped distance the police more The calls for service increased as urban population and crime awareness increased making the police almost totally reactive The introduction of computers only enc ouraged that false idea of quick reactive response
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