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Dissociative Identity Disorder Max Denis April 28 2000 From the Diagnosis and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders dissociative identity disorder DID is recognized as the presence of two or more distinct identities or personality states that recurrently take control of the behavior There is an inability to recall important personal information the extent of which is too great to be explained by ordinary forgetfulness 1994 It is a kind of amnesia that repressed all the traumatic memories most of the time lived during childhood The most frequent traumatisms that cause this disorder are the sexual abuse The alter personalities are created to cope with intolerable abuse They are characterized as sometimes having different age and gender Some alters may be right-handed others left-handed Some alters may need different prescription glasses have a specific food allergies or show different responses to alcohol or medications cited in the Wolrd of Psychology Putnam et al1986 The DIDSome of them could be really violent and inflict self-mutilation Problems sometimes occur in the diagnosis of the disorder There are psychologists who incorrectly diagnosed the patients as depressed epileptic or schizophrenic These persons therapies are not efficient so their lives continue on as before unchanged There are different treatments that have been created to heal the DID The treatment used by Colin A Ross relates a therapy which consists in current techniques that are used by many psychotherapists to cope with DID as the cognitive and the psychodynamic therapy The therapy instored to treat the DID is divided in four stages The first step of the theory consists on establishing rules and limits to create a specific relationship between the therapist and the client The therapist must placed himself in a neutral position he acts only as a consultant to avoid to become emotionaly involved in the therapy This kind of therapy should be no
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