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Behind the complex understanding of Greek architectural design lay the backbone of all Greek lifestyle Sacred Architecture The temples built in Ancient Greece were extraordinary in their design planning and construction Some of the more simple temples were built with solid limestone blocks which were surfaced with stucco made of marble dust Greece 1 Other temples were made completely of solid marble or other near-indestructible materials These temples were constructed to worship the gods Deity worship was a daily part of Greek life The Greeks conceived of their gods in human form as anthropomorphic representations of the forces and elements of the natural world Sacred Greek temples were made of many specific parts which all served their own purpose The temple was designed simply as a shelter for the statue and a storehouse for offerings The basic model of this shelter is the four-sided cella The cella was somewhat of a back wall To the simple cella was attached a pronaos The pronaos was a porch lined with columns The cella walls are connected to the porch with antae which were bronze grills securing the pronaos Sullivan 15 The larger temples included columns that were added between antae for roof support Even though there was only one entrance to the cella a second pronaos was added on the other side to add a balanced and symmetrical look All Greek architecture is based on a simple three-order system These three orders are different in four basic ways The first way would be the purpose of the design Each order has its own purpose whether it be for beauty structural sturdiness or for reasons still unbeknownst by us today The second difference would be focused on the base of the column The base can differ in many ways including size shape and sometimes even color The third way is the shaft of the column The shaft can include different lengths shapes sizes indentations grooves cuts and
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