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Hellenistic Period Alexander the great perished in the year 323 BC His immense empire deteriorated and was split into many different kingdoms This breakup symbolizes the thoughts and tendencies of the artists in the Hellenistic era The old art centers were contained in the Greek mainland but in the islands such as Rhodes and the cities in the eastern Mediterranean called Alexandria Antioch and Pergamon During this time the Corinthian order was developed It was the most ornate and complex order The Hellenistic art was a mix between Classical and Baroque or even rococo which is more ideal but also realistic The Hellenistic period was above anything else a period of eclecticism The art was used to glorify athletes and to glorify the gods The art also decorated the homes of the rich The human being was portrayed in every stage of life They even made caricatures The Greeks also realized the effects of space This was portrayed through their sculptures and paintings Now the Greeks were creating both reliefs and painted panels for the first time The Alter of Zeus built to commemorate the victories of the Hellenistic leader Attalus I and created by Greek artists for King Eumenes II has a frieze that portrays the battle between the gods and the giants Many qualities of the Hellenistic era were realized in the alter The classical part of it was its iconography The style of the characteristics of the characters was a baroque style It had an exaggeration of movement physical pain and emotion with a background of swirling draperies The characters are stout and show dynamic force with wind-blown garments and muscular bodies Hellenistic architecture was much more immense and a lot more dramatic than in the classical period The amphitheatre was created during this period The amphitheaters were outdoor semicircular theaters that had seats on a hillside The performance stage was at the bottom The amphitheater had perfect
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