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Word Count: 450
In many eras events happened as a reaction and often an overreaction to events of the prior era In the Middle Ages a proper education was extremely rare for the common people As a reaction to the Middle Ages in the early renaissance there was a strong focus on a classical education consisting of Greek Latin the classics and art As the population and economy grew and books became more readily available people became disillusioned with the impractical classical education demanding an education leading to practical professions In the early renaissance emphasis was redirected from clerical to secular life The secular humanist idea held that the church should not rule civic matters but should guide only spiritual matters The church disdained the accumulation of wealth and worldly goods supported a strong but limited education and believed that moral and ethical behavior was dictated by scripture Humanists however believed that wealth enabled them to do fine noble deeds that good citizens needed a good well-rounded education and that moral and ethical issues were related more to secular society than to spiritual concerns Humanists paid close attention to classical studies because most of the humanist philosophy was based on Greek and Roman ideas In addition to the study of Latin and Greek a classical education consisted of scientific matters government rhetoric philosophy and art In the Middle Ages the church discouraged education to keep people under the control of the church People were guided by the teachings of the church and had little opinion to what was being told to them Books were also very costly and were mostly written in Latin an unfamiliar language to the common people People were taught Greek and Latin so that they could understand the books available to them In 1445 Gutenberg invented the printing press making books more plentiful and therefore affordable for the educated middle class They also began printing books in European languages By the late stages of
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