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1a Explain how lay magistrates and district judges magistrates court are selected and appointed Lay Magistrates can also be referred to as justices of the peace The Lord Chancellor appoints JPs This is formally done under a document called commission of the peace This is carried out in two ways Either in respect of counties where it is under the recommendation of the lord lieutenant of the county and assisted by the advisory committee or in respect of urban areas In this case it is on recommendation of the advisory committee only These committees were kept secret until 1992 but have since been re-published so that all names are noted The Lord Chancellor has to take into account that the panel has a wide-cross section This means that there should be a variety of different people from different racial and social backgrounds This is to make sure that the panel of JPs is representative of all possible defendants and all aspects of society In order to become a JP it is important to be reliable and committed The lay people must either live or work within a 15-mile radius of the area being scrutinized on behalf of the defendant JPs must also be able to sit in court for a minimum of 26 sessions-one session making up one half day The lay people are not paid therefore they are reimbursed for loss of earrings travel expenses and lunch etc it is vital for lay people to be aged between 21 and 65 although there are not may 21 year old JPS and the youngest age usually ranges from 26-27 This is due to lack of life experience Above all it is important for the potential JPS to not have a criminal record this refers to bankruptcy theft tax etc District judges are higher up than lay people They are professional and for this reason are paid Before becoming a district judge qualification of seven
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