scroll to top
Stuck on your essay?
Get ideas from this essay and see how your work stacks up
Word Count: 2,835
INFINITIVES Infinitives usually but not always is preceded by to While you normally think of only one type of infinitive to verb there are actually four types Active Present to drive Passive Present to be driven Active Perfect to have driven Passive Perfect to have been driven Infinitives become difficult because they can function as a noun an adverb or an adjective It is up to you to determine which one Infinitives are similar to participles and gerunds in that they can have a direct object By using the key whomwhat after the infinitive you can determine whether or not the infinitive has a direct object Helen decided to accept the challenge Infinitive whomwhat direct object To accept what challenge challenge is the direct object of the infinitive Infinitives differ from gerunds and participles in that they can also have subjects Gerunds and Participles cannot have subjects This subject always comes after the main verb and directly before the infinitive What makes the subject somewhat difficult to identify is that it will look as it is the direct object of the main verb The student asked the teacher to help him In this sentence it would appear as if teacher is direct object of the verb asked subject verb whomwhat direct object Student asked whomwhat teacher However in reality teacher is actually the subject of the infinitive to help After you have located the infinitive and you have looked to see if the infinitive has a direct object always look at the noun or pronoun to the left of the infinitive If that noun or pronoun could do the action of the infinitive then the infinitive has a subject For example can the teacher help
@Kibin is a lifesaver for my essay right now!!
- Sandra Slivka, student @ UC Berkeley
Wow, this is the best essay help I've ever received!
- Camvu Pham, student @ U of M
If I'd known about @Kibin in college, I would have gotten much more sleep
- Jen Soust, alumni @ UCLA