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Myocardial Infarction also known as heart attack coronary thrombosis or coronary occlusion is the sudden blocking of one or more of the coronary arteries If the blocked artery involves an extensive area the person may die If not there will still be necrosis of heart tissue and scarring but other vessels may be able to take over for the damaged areas If a MI is suspected it is imperative that the patient seeks medical attention immediately An electrocariogram will be done along with several blood tests to assess the severity of the attack The sedimentation rate of the red blood cells almost always is higher after a myocardial infarction The biggest threats after a heart attack are arrhythmias and cardiac standstill An abnormal heart rate and rhythms in a patient after a heart attack often means the left ventricle is not pumping adequately Congestive heart failure may be a threat at this time Symptoms of a heart attack may begin suddenly with a sharp sever pain in the chest which may radiate to the left arm and shoulder Other symptoms may include restlessness and confusion the skin may be cold and clammy dyspnea cyanosis a drop in blood pressure and a drop in body temperature A rapid and irregular pulse may also be a sign of a resent MI In the beginning of the twentieth century bedrest was the only thing that could be done for heart attacks Then nitroglycerin was found to restore coronary circulation and relieve the pain Digitalis was found effective for treating abnormal heart rhythms and diuretics were found effective to remove water which reduced hypertension With these and many other treatments cardiology became one of the most dramatic fields in medical history Kenneth 674 Another big concern of cardiac patients is the prevention of a second heart attack There are several tests that can be preformed
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