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Plato an Athenian philosopher was the first man to present a theory of education He was a student of Socrates who influenced much of his work He is best known for his work entitled The Republic The main question he entertained regarded justice Within that discussion of justice he examines his theory of education His elitist theory is a systematic one which concludes that education is for the ruling class He believed that education and justice are connected Therefore with out education there will be no justice It is important then to examine what Plato meant by justice To Plato justice is the highest social good an ideal Plato constructs a perfectly just city This society or in Greek polis is an interconnected essential community It is a set of interdependent relationships and activities Obviously the basis or foundation of a polis is made up of human beingshuman nature We are by nature social beings Plato describes human nature using three statements We are not individually independent but have many wants No two persons are born exactly alike but each differs from each in natural endowments and Each man person works at a single occupation in accordance with his natural gifts RPE 40-1 These statements give us a vision of what human nature is Plato is saying that we exist in a state of need and that we are not autonomous nor self-sufficient we are not complete in and of ourselves At the same time he is saying that we are different in terms of our interests aptitudes abilities etc I may be great at soccer but my best friend may be artistically endowed Plato says that we are different by birth When I was born I entered into this world according to Plato with a predetermined set of abilities which makes me who I am Plato concludes by saying that we are each one person thus we have one best ability and
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