scroll to top
Stuck on your essay?
Get ideas from this essay and see how your work stacks up
Word Count: 3,888
Republic government Latin res publica literally the public thing formof state based on the concept that sovereignty resides in the people whodelegate the power to rule in their behalf to elected representatives andofficials In practice however this concept has been variously stretcheddistorted and corrupted making any precise definition of the term republicdifficult It is important to begin with to distinguish between a republic anda democracy In the theoretical republican state where the governmentexpresses the will of the people who have chosen it republic anddemocracy may be identical there are also democratic monarchiesHistorical republics however have never conformed to a theoretical modeland in the 20th century the term republic is freely used by dictatorshipsone-party states and democracies alike Republic has in fact come tosignify any form of state headed by a president or some similarly titledMuch of the confusion surrounding the concept of republicanism may betraced to the writings of Plato and Aristotle Platos Republic presents anideal state or more accurately an ideal Greek polis city-state Platoconstructed his republic on what he considered the basic elements orcharacteristics of the human soul the appetitive the spirited and thephilosophical Accordingly his ideal republic consisted of three distinctgroups a commercial class formed by those dominated by their appetitesa spirited class administrators and soldiers responsible for the execution ofthe laws and the guardians or philosopher-kings who would be thelawmakers Because Plato entrusted the guardians a carefully selected fewwith the responsibility for maintaining a harmonious polis republicanism isfrequently associated with ends or goals established by a small segment ofthe community presumed to have a special insight into what constitutes theAristotles Politics provides another republican concept one that prevails inmost of the Western world Aristotle categorized governments on the basisof who rules the one the few or the many Within these categories hedistinguished between good and perverted forms of governmentmonarchygood versus tyranny aristocracy good versus oligarchythe maindifference being whether the rulers governed for the good of the state orMost relevant to republicanism
@Kibin is a lifesaver for my essay right now!!
- Sandra Slivka, student @ UC Berkeley
Wow, this is the best essay help I've ever received!
- Camvu Pham, student @ U of M
If I'd known about @Kibin in college, I would have gotten much more sleep
- Jen Soust, alumni @ UCLA