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Review of APA Statistical Guidelines Predictive Value of Alexithymia A Prospective Study in Somatizing Patients The August 1999 article in the American Psychologist discusses proper statistical methods and how they should be utilized in journal articles Using some of the guidelines put forth in the article I will attempt to show the extent to which Bach Bach 1995 follow these principles The article in question investigates the role of alexithymia as a predictor of persistent somatization The study was conducted over a two-year period with the consent of thirty patients exhibiting somatoform and anxiety disorders The personality trait of alexithymia is a disorder in which a person shows an inability to express any emotion that they might be feeling They also show a limited ability to express participation in fantasy experiences Method Design It is not made clear exactly what kind of study the researchers are presenting It is easy to assume however that the study is a test of a hypothesis This made known by the statement of purpose at the end of the introduction It is said that the purpose is to evaluate the differences in alexithymia scores between different patients over a two-year period and to determine if those scores predict outcome independent from other disorders So the hypothesis being tested is that high alexithymia scores can predict long term chronicity of a somatoform disorder Population Is the population that the researchers are concerned with made clear No not really the population must be assumed by the subject matter We are to assume that the study is concerned with people who have a somatoform disorder or anxiety Sample The sample is definitely outlined well in the article The authors make it known to us that the participants for the study were volunteers from a previous study about somatoform disorders They clearly state the age ranges sex and education of all the patients Assignment For the purposes of
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