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The research must be qualified as representing average differences and do not necessarily indicate that all children in divorced families are worse off than all children in intact families Since there is so much discussion of the effects of divorce on school performance I want to begin by addressing whether there are really any differences between children who live in divorced families and children who live in married two-parent families intact The preponderance of the evidence appears to indicate that divorce does have negative effects on childrens adaptation and academic development Furthermore the specific effects differ from family to family Analysis The argument that divorce has effects on the ability of a childs academic performance finds support in the case-control study of Children of Divorce Academic Outcome Roizblatt et al 1997 This study focuses on identifying the specific responses that are susceptible for the low academic outcomes associated with different levels of hostility aggression anxiety and depression that can last until adulthood To build upon the hypotheses the authors then examined whether subsequent disadvantages are measured in all aspects of education from grade points averages to standardized tests to examsdiplomas and years of completed education The study was conducted at eight public schools in Santiago Chile A total of 446 children were examined where almost half the pupils were found to be of divorced families The students results were based on the variables of age sex and average marks In order to provide a means of comparison for the experimental group the authors had the control group parents living together choose names that are on the class list that fulfilled the requirement The data was analyzed in averages percentages estimated odds ratio and confidence levels The results indicate that children of divorced parents were on average 20 more likely to fail a course than a child of a controlled group The average marks were also 20 lower for the non-intact children However the attendance was
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