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Word Count: 970
After World War II somewhere in the 1960s and certainly by the 1970s writers began to produce novels that resembled former novels but that broke the historical comparison or the communal memory of the traditional novel Such novels contain plots and characters that are deeply infused with a particular national identity--national identity is their point so to speak yet such novels rather than being limited to the national readership that shares this identity are translated almost immediately into many languages and distributed globally Gabriel Garcia Marquez was born in 1928 in the small town of Aracataca situated in a tropical region of northern Colombia between the mountains and the Caribbean Sea He grew up with his maternal grandparent - his grandfather was a pensioned colonel from the civil war at the beginning of the century Garcia Marquez entered college to study law Disliking law and encouraged by the writing of Franz Kafka especially Metamorphosis he took up writing He then left school and began working for several newspapers including El Espectador in Bogot Ciccarelli and Napierkowski 255Garcia Marquez won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1982 His fiction presents a reality quite unlike the novels of the previous generation Blending history folktales and imagination Gracia Marquez creates an expanded vision of life Literary critics have coined a term for this bold interweaving of imagination and reality Magical Realism Magill 714A literary phenomenon created out of a need which developed because of historical and cultural demands Its origins stem from the fact that the New World that was discovered had fantastic elements that were considered real the Fountain of Youth streets made out of gold mermaids swimming off of its coasts and ancient civilizations with strange new animals never before seen new fruits never before eaten and new dangers never before encountered With all these spectacular occurrences the fantastic was never really fictionally based in Latin American literature Magical Realism did not happen in America because
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