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Word Count: 523
Pericles a Greek Statesman was the leader of the Athenian government for 30 years Age of Pericles Pericles was born into a noble family in Athens His mother was a niece of Cleisthenes a statesman who had made many democratic reforms in the Athenian government After Cleisthenes death Pericles was determined to continue the reforms of his great-uncle and entered politics with the democratic popular party led by Ephialtes Pericles and Ephialtes worked together to limit the power of the Areopagus Pericles continued his reforms but found himself opposed by Cimon the leader of the aristocratic party He managed to have his rival banished for favoring Spartans After Ephialtes died in about 460 BC Pericles became leader of the popular party and the most powerful man in the state As head of state Pericles made many changes One was that he introduced salaries public officials According to Aristotles Constitution of Athens as many as 20000 people were on the payroll Then in 547 BC Pericles made it so that common people were allowed to serve in any state office Pericles had a reputation of supporting freedom giving both the rich and the poor the right to vote and participate in the government Pericles also used money from the treasury to build up the Athenian navy and to beautify Athens He built the temple of Athena Nike the Propylaea the Parthenon and many other structures for the glory of Athens Pericles was always extending the influence of Athens IN 455-454 BC he formed the Delian League an alliance with other Greek city states Although Pericles had bee at peace with the Spartans since 446 BC allowing Athens influence to expand Sparta and its allies quickly grew fearful and jealous of the power of Athens In 449 BC Pericles had successfully negotiated peace with the Persians giving the Athenians more breathing room Also Pericles issued a decree that hindered the economy of Cornith Spartas most important
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