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Bicameral legislature- A congress made up of two houses In the US it is the senate and the House of Representatives Constitutional convention agreed to a bicameral legislation Congressional Sessions- Each term of congress starts on January 3 of odd numbered years and lasts for two years Sessions- a meeting that takes place twice in congress and usually lasts for most of the year Congress remains in session until its members vote to adjourn After adjournment the president may call congress back into meeting as a special session Membership of the House- a total of 435 members make up the house of representatives Seats are allotted to each state and the number of seats that state is allowed to have is based on its population Every state is entitled to at least one seat no matter how small the population is To qualify to be a member of the house you must be at least 25 years of age a resident of the US for 7 years and a legal resident of the state you representUsually live in the district they represent Terms of the house are for two years Representation and reapportionment- the census bureau takes a national census or population count every 10 years to assign representation according to population The population of each state determines the new number of representatives which is called reapportionment Congressional Redistricting- The process of setting up new district lines after reapportionment has been completed Gerrymandering- means that the political party controlling the state government draws a districts boundaries to gain an advantage in elections The term gerrymandering can be traced to Elbridge Gerry a governor of Massachusetts Membership of the Senate- The senate is composed of two senators from each state thus each state is represented equally Todays senators includes 100 members2 from each of the 50 states To qualify as a senator you must at least 30 years old a citizen of the US for 9
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