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Word Count: 406
An absolute monarch is a ruler whose power is unlimited this is known as absolutism This essay will discuss the characteristics of absolutism and how they affected 17th century absolute monarchs The characteristics of absolutism can be defined as follows The monarch rules by divine right and decides what is best for the state this is the basic principle of absolutism The ruler holds unlimited power and individuals are subjects owing loyalty and obedience to the monarch The ruler encourages industry and trade to strengthen the economy The two 17th century absolute monarchs that this essay will focus on were Louis XIV of France and Peter the Great of Russia The first monarch to be covered is Louis XIV the most powerful absolute monarch of his time and the most powerful absolute monarch in French history His power was so great that each morning at 730 am 100 nobles stood waiting to help him dress for the day Thousand of lesser nobles would stand outside his bed chamber hoping to get a glance or a nod from their king Louis XIV ruled brilliantly from 1643 to 1715 With Prime Minister Colbert Louis brought about the administrative and financial reorganization as well as the development of trade and manufacturing With the Marquis de Louvois he reformed the army and racked up many military victories Louis also encouraged an extraordinary blossoming of culture theater music architecture painting sculpture and all the sciences Secondly Modern Russia started with the rule of Peter I an absolute monarch also known as Peter the Great He ruled from 1682 to 1725 Peter realized that Russia should be westernized to ensure its independence Already showing his supreme intelligence by creating new mechanical inventions he studied government and business models of the West He learned ship building from the Europeans and built a ship for himself which he captained In 1697 he visited Europe in disguise as a carpenter Peter
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