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INTRODUCTION On October 16 1934 100 000 Chinese Communist troops set out on a 6000 mile trek from their base in Kiangsi1 This trek later to be known as the Long March began after Chiang Kai-shek and his Nationalist armies the Kuomintang frustrated the Communist organization in Southeast China The Long March was a difficult journey approximately 90000 men and women died before it was over2 However communism was not eliminated in China This paper argues that the Long March galvanized commitment to the communist cause and thus was the key precursor to the eventual victory of the Communist Party in China in 1949 By narrowly escaping defeat and destruction through the Long March the Communists were able to re-build support to fight the Nationalists once again and this time they won THE CHINESE REVOLUTION AND SUN YAT SEN The Chinese Revolution began in 1911 with the overthrow of the Manchu government and the establishment of the New Republic of China Before the Revolution the Chinese lived mainly in competing clans and were ruled by rival war lords During Chinas long history its people had never functioned as one cohesive unit Because of the threat of Japan Great Britain and the Industrial Revolution China needed to become a stronger unit The unification of China was an important development for a number of reasons Most important was that unification served to defend China against Japanese invasion and also set the stage for a national economy China was extremely xenophobic and the beauracracy did not want to change Some individuals however dreamed of a united Chinese nation and it was this dream that encouraged the revolutionaries in China Of these individuals the most important was Sun Yat Sen the Father of Republican China Sun was born on November 12 1866 in the southern province of Guangdong3 At age thirteen Sun went to live with his brother in Honolulu Hawaii where he attended a missionary school After four
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