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Elements of Fiction When you read a story you are reading a work of fiction FICTION is writing that comes from an authors imagination Although the author makes the story up he or she might base it on real events Fiction writers write either short stories or novels A SHORT STORY usually revolves around a single idea and is short enough to be read in one sitting A NOVEL is much longer and more complex Understanding Fiction CHARACTERS are the people animals or imaginary creatures that take part in the actions of the story Usually a short story centers on events in the life of one person or animal He or she is the main CHARACTER Generally there are also one or more MINOR CHARACTERS in the story Minor characters sometimes provide part of the background of the story More often however minor characters interact with the main character and with another Their words and actions help to move the plot along The SETTING is the time and place at which the events of the happen The time may be the past the present or the future day or night and any season A story may be set in a small down or a large city in a jungle or an ocean The sequence of events in a story is called the PLOT The plot is the writers blueprint for what happens in the story when it happens and to whom it happens One event causes another and so on until the end of the story Generally plots are built around a CONFLICT-a problem or struggle between two or more opposing forces Conflicts can be as serious as a boys attempt to cope with his fathers illness or as humorous as a teachers struggle with a foreign language The struggle between two opposing forces is called a CONFLICT Every story has it The conflict makes you keep reading the
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