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The Conflict Between Individual and State and the Grammatical Fiction in Darkness At Noon The Conflict Between the Individual and the State and the Grammatical Fiction in Darkness At Noon The Party denied the free will of an individual-and at the same time exacted his willing self-sacrifice The obvious contradiction of the above definition of the Communist party is depicts the conflict between the individual and the State in Arthur Koestlers novel Darkness at Noon Koestlers protagonist Nicolas Salamanovich Rubashov devout communist and former leader of the Communist party falls victim to his own system during the time of the Moscow trials Accused and imprisoned for crimes he did not commit Rubashov is forced to choose between the ideology he has faithfully followed for the past forty years of his life or a new found sense of self which he calls the grammatical fiction During the beginning of Rubashovs solitary incarceration he begins to doubt the infallibility of the Communist regime and for a time views himself independent from the Party Rubashovs pulling away from Communism is evident in his conversation with the examining magistrate Ivanov during his first hearing Rubashov addresses Ivanovs collective viewpoint with the developing views of his own Your argument is somewhat anachronistic said Rubashov As you quite rightly remarked we were accustomed always to use the plural we and to avoid as far as possible the first person singular I have rather lost the habit of this form of speech you stick to it But who is this we in whose name you speak to-day It needs re-defining That is the point Apart from the Party Rubashov no longer functions as part of the Communist unit but rather as an individual Within communist doctrine the individual is only a piece of a larger system and for the true communist the pronoun I is not even part of his or her vocabulary Rather the
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