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Word Count: 1,366
Criminal justice and security is one of the largest industries in the United States Such a statistic is and rightly so of great concern to Afro-Americans because a disproportionate percentage of individuals under the control of the US Criminal Justice System are from the Black community This paper will look at the alarming statistics and attempt to trace the roots of the disparity It will then consider the affects and explore possible solutions to the expanding problem Black communities throughout the US are witnessing the institutionalization of their youth Of course institutionalization is nothing new to Afro-Americans it is something Blacks have faced since their existence in this country In the beginning Blacks were forced into the institution of slavery After the abolition of slavery Blacks faced institutional racism that is racism legitimated by the whole of society directed against the few of society As a facet of that institutional racism Blacks are now forced to persevere the increasing trend of control by the US Criminal Justice System Control by the USCJS includes the probation parole imprisonment and death of Blacks A study conducted by the Sentencing Project in 1989 found tat more than one-fourth of all Blacks between the age of 20 and 29 are under the control of the USCJS This alarming figure becomes more so when you consider their are more Blacks in prison in this age group than their are all Blacks in college This clearly reveals what is meant by the institutionalization of our Black youth Black communities are being legally robbed of their youth by a system that locks up those who pose a threat to the status quo of institutional racism The consequences of this are detrimental indeed The children are the future but what future does a community have whose children are all locked up By virtue of robbing the Black community of their youth the USCJS robs Black communities of their future leaders
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