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Integrating Care and Justice Moral Development Part One The criticisms of Kohlbergs moral development stages seem to center around three major points his research methods the regression of stage four and finally his goals The first criticism that I would like to address is that of his research methods Kohlberg is often criticized for not only his subject selection but also the methods by which he tries to extricate data from those subjects His initial study consisted of school boys from a private institution in Chicago The problem with this is fairly obvious that this does not represent a significant portion of the population to allow for generalized conclusions In other words how can we test some boys from Chicago and ascertain that this is how all people develop worldwide I believe that the answer to this criticism comes from the theory that it relates to Kohlbergs moral development schema is highly dependent upon the idea that there are fundamental truths that cannot be dismissed These ideas are in the ether wound into the very fabric that constructs human nature Granted his descriptions of the various stages also seem very dependent upon the surroundings and social institutions that an individual would be subjected to Yet these institutions would be have to be built upon people all of whom would share these ideological truths It seems fairly obvious that all people have undeniable needs survival and some group membership Kohlbergs stages are merely methods by which one could fulfill these needs For instance Spartan societies were adamant about maintaining the purity and strength of the civilization Citizens saw no wrong in exposing a sick or lame baby to the elements so that it might die Surely an act of cruelty today but in that society a necessary evil The prosperity and wealth of the whole was of greater importance than that of the individual In addition to these justifications additional research substantiated Kohlbergs
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